高二英语虚拟语气专项练习(新人教版)\\_高二英语试题



虚拟语气专项练习

  1. Jack wishes that he business instead of history when he was in university. A. studied B. had been studying C. study D. had studied
  2. The millions of calculation involved, had they been done by hand, all practical value by the time they were finished. A. had lost B. would lose C. would have lost D. should have lost
  3. It is essential that these application forms back as early as possible. A. must be sent B. are sen w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m C. will be sent D. be sent
  4. It is important that the hotel receptionist that guests are registered correctly. A. has made sure B. must make sure C. made sure D. make sure
  5. It was essential that the application forms back before the deadline. A. must be sent B. be sent C. would be sent D. were sent
  6. It's necessary the dictionary immediately. A. that he will return B. that he return C. that he returned D. that he has to return
  7. It is important that enough money to fund the project. A. be collected B. was collected C. must be collected D. can be collected
  8. I don't think it advisable that Tom to the job since he has no experience. A. is assigned B. be assigned C. will be assigned D. has been assigned
  9. The suggestion that the mayor the prizes was accepted by everyone. A. would present B. present w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m C. ought to present D. presents
  10. We are all for your proposal that the discussion . A. be put off B. should put off C. was put off D. is to put off
  11. You him so closely; you should have kept your distance. A. shouldn't have been following B. mustn't follow C. couldn't have been following D. shouldn't follow
  12. The manager would rather his daughter in the same office. A. does not work B. had not worked C. not to work D. did not work
  13. Wouldn't you rather your child to bed early? A. go B. would go C. went D. goes
  14. I'd rather you make any comment on the issue for the time being. A. don't B. didn't C. wouldn't D. shouldn't
  15. Mike's uncle insists in this hotel.
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A. staying not B. that he would not stay C. not to stay D. that he not stay
  16. As Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, I have directed that all measures for our defense. A. had been taken B. be taken C. would be taken D. to be taken
  17. The manager of the hotel requests that their guests after 11:00 p.m. A. not to play loud music B. don't play loud music C. shouldn't play loud music D. couldn't paly load music
  18. We desire that the tour leader us immediately of any change in plans. A. inform B. informs C. informed D. has informed
  19. He suggested to tomorrow's exhibition together. A. us to go B. we shall go C. we went D. we go
  20. Sometimes I wish I in a different time and a different place. A. be living B. would live C. were living D. would have lived
  21. I wish I longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class. A. could have slept B. might have slept C. slept D. have slept w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  22. Jean doesn't want to work right away because she thinks that if she a job she probably wouldn't be able to see her friends very often. A. has to get B. had got C. were to get D. could have got
  23. If the whole operation beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost. A. was not planned B. had not been planned C. has not been planned D. were not planned
  24. Had he worked harder, he the exams. A. must have got through B. would get through C. would have got through D. could get through
  25. before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party. A. Had they arrived B. Were they arriving C. Would they arrive D. Were they to arrive
  26. right now, she would get there on Sunday. A. Would she leave B. Were she to leave C. If she leaves D. If she had left
  27. for my illness I would have lent him a helping hand. A. Not being B. Without being C. Had it not been D. Not having been
  28. for your laziness, you could have finished the assignment by now. A. Had it not been B. Weren't it C. It were not D. Had not it been
  29. If it too much trouble, I'd love a cup of tea. A. isn't B. weren't C. wasn't D. hadn't been
  30. If I hadn't stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you now. A. wouldn't be smiling B. won't smile C. couldn't have smiled D. didn't smile
  31. We didn't know his telephone number; otherwise we him. A. would have telephoned B. would telephone C. must have telephoned D. had telephoned
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  32. He must have had an accident, or he then. A. would have been here B. should be here C. had to be here D. would be here
  33. Some women a good salary in a job instead of staying home, but they decided not to work for the sake of the family. A. must make w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m B. should have made C. would make w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m D. could have made
  34. We to start our own business, but we never had enough money. A. have hoped B. had hoped C. would hope D. should hope
  35. The mad man was put in the soft-padded cell lest he himself. A. injure B. injured C. had injured D. would injure
  36. "You are very selfish. It's high time you that you are not the most important person in the world", Edgar said to his boss angrily. A. realized B. realize C. have realized D. should realize
  37. It's already 5 o'clock now. Don't you think it's about time ? A. we are going home B. we went home C. we go home D. we can go home
  38. If only the committee the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible. A. approve B. can approve C. will approve D. would approve
  39. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I your advice. A. follow B. would follow C. had followed D. have followed
  40. I'm sure he is up to the job he would give his mind to it. A. if only B. in case C. until D. unless
  41. You don't have to be in such a hurry. I would rather you on business first. A. would go B. will go C. went D. have gone w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  42. Frankly speaking, I'd rather you anything about it for the time being. A. didn't do B. haven't done C. don't do D. have done
  43. It is politely requested by the hotel management that radios after 11 o'clock at night. A. were not played B. not be played C. not to play D. did not play
  44. It is recommended that the project until all the preparations have been made. A. is not started B. not be started C. will not be started D. is not to be started
  45. Many a delegate was in favor of his proposal that a special committee to investigate the incident. A. were set up B. was set up C. be set up D. set up
  46. Things might have been much worse if the mother on her right to keep the baby.
3
A. has been insisting C. would insist
B. had insisted D. insisted
答案与解析
  1. D 译文:杰克宁愿在大学学的是商务而不是历史。 本句是 wish 后接虚拟语气的用法。在 wish 后面所接的宾语从句中,要用虚拟语气结构。 w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m 其主要形式有三种: 表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish +主语+动词过去式; 表示对过去情况的虚拟:wish +主语+had+过去分词; 表示对将来情况的虚拟:wish +主语+would+动词原形。
  2. C 译文:数以百万计的相关计算,如果由人工操作的话,到计算完成时早已失去其实用价值。 本句是条件句中与过去事实相反的虚拟语气结构的用法。由省略 if 的从句(had they been done by hand)中的时态可知,C 为正确答案。
  3. D 译文:这些申请表尽快寄出是极其必要的。 本句涉及主语从句中的虚拟语气用法。在 It is important/necessary/… that-clause 结构中,that 从句 中谓语动词常用虚拟语气,其形式为:(should)+动词原形。这一结构是否用虚拟语气取决于主句 It is important/… that 中的形容词(如本句中的 important ) 。
  4. D 译文:旅馆接待员必须确保旅客登记正确,这点是很重要的。 本句涉及主语从句中的虚拟语气的使用。
  5. B 译文:申请表务必在截止日期之前寄回。 本句涉及主语从句中的虚拟语气的使用。
  6. B 译文:他必须马上归还字典。 本句涉及主语从句中的虚拟语气的使用。
  7. A 译文:重要的是募集足够的钱,为这个项目提供资金。 本句涉及主语从句中的虚拟语气的使用。
  8. B 译文:汤姆缺乏经验,指派他做这项工作我认为是不合适的。 本句涉及复合宾语从句中的虚拟语气的使用。在以 it 为形式宾语的复合宾语从句中也可以用虚拟 语气,其形式为:(should) +动词原形。这一结构中的虚拟用法主要取决于作补语的形容词 advisable。
  9. B 译文:大家都接受了让市长发奖的建议。 本句涉及同位语从句中的虚拟语气用法。英语中在表示命令、建议、劝告、愿望、要求等词后所 接的同位语从句中,从句谓语动词常用虚拟语气,其形式为:(should) +动词原形。常用的这类词有 suggestion, advise, order, recommendation, requirement, command, proposal 等名词。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  10. A 译文:我们都支持你提出的推迟讨论的建议。
4
本句涉及同位语从句中的虚拟语气用法。
  11. A 译文:你本不该跟他跟得这么紧;你本该保持一定距离的。 本句涉及暗含虚拟句。“should/ought not+ have+ 过去分词”表示“本不应该做某事,但却做了”, 含有某种责备的口气。“should/ought to+have+过去分词”表示“本应该做某事,却未做”。 例如:You should have returned the book last week. 你本来应该上周就该归还这本书。 (但上周并未 还)
  12. D 译文:经理宁愿他女儿不和他在同一个办公室上班。 本句涉及宾语从句中的虚拟语气的用法。在 would rather,would sooner, would just as soon, might as well 和 would prefer 等后面所跟的从句中,也可用虚拟语气,表示愿望,意为“宁愿”、“但愿”。其形式 为: ① “would rather ( would sooner … )+主语+谓语动词过去时”表示现在或将来的情况。 ② “would rather ( would sooner … )+主语+过去完成时”表示过去的情况。
  13. C 译文:你为何不让你的孩子早点睡觉? 本句涉及宾语从句中的虚拟语气的用法。
  14. B 译文:我倒是希望你对这个问题先别发表什么看法。 本句涉及宾语从句中的虚拟语气的用法。英语中在 would rather, would sooner, would just as soon, might as well 和 would prefer 等后面所跟的从句中,也可用虚拟语气,表示愿望,意为“宁愿”、“但愿”。
  15. D 麦克的叔叔坚持他不留在旅馆里。 本句涉及虚拟语气在宾语从句中的使用。动词 insist 后接宾语从句,从句中的谓语为“should+动词 原形 (should 常省略) 常这样用的词有: ”。 command, desire, demand, order, propose, recommend, request, require, suggest 等。
  16. B 译文:我作为武装部队的总司令命令采取一切措施进行防御。 本句涉及虚拟语气在宾语从句中的使用。
  17. C 译文:旅馆的经理恳请客人晚上 11 点后,音乐声不要放得太响。 本句涉及虚拟语气在宾语从句中的使用。
  18. A 译文:我们要求导游立刻告诉我们计划有什么变动。 本句涉及虚拟语气在宾语从句中的使用。
  19. D 译文:他建议我们一块去看明天的展览。 本句涉及虚拟语气在宾语从句中的使用。
  20. C 译文:我有时希望自己生活在另一个时代和另一个地方。 本句涉及动词 wish 后所接宾语从句的用法。在 wish 后面所接的宾语从句中,要用虚拟语气结构。 其主要形式有三种:w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m 表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+动词过去式; 表示对过去情况的虚拟:wish+主语+had+过去分词; 表示对将来情况的虚拟:wish+主语+would+动词原形。
  21. A
5
译文:我真希望今天早上能多睡一会儿,可我不得不起床去上课。 本句涉及动词 wish 后所接宾语从句的用法。
  22. C 译文:琼不想马上就工作,她想要是找了工作就不能马上探访朋友了。 本句涉及 if 引导的虚拟条件句,表示与将来事实相反的假设。表示与将来事实相反的非真实条件 句,从句中的谓语动词用“were to +动词原形或 should +动词原形”,主句中的谓语动词用“should (第一 人称), would (第二、三人称)+动词原形”。
  23. B 译文:要是整个手术当时没有预先计划好的话,大量的金钱和时间就白花了。 本句涉及 if 条件状语从句中虚拟语气的用法,表示与过去事实相反的假设。与过去事实相反的非 真实条件句中,从句中的谓语动词用“had+过去分词”,主句的谓语动词用“should 或 would +have+过 去分词”。
  24. C 译文:他当时学习努力的话,这次考试就通过了。 本句涉及省略 if 的虚拟条件句。 在正式文体中, 有时可把虚拟条件句中的连词 if 省去, 而将 were, had, should 等助动词(不包括行为动词)提到主语前面, 用倒装结构。 如果句中没有 were, had 或 should 时,既不能省略 if,也不能倒装。 答案:
  25. D 译文:我们后天走,要是他们在

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