2011届高考英语模拟试题分类汇编 任务型阅读



任务型读写 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 【2011?安徽名校联考 安徽名校联考】认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中 安徽名校联考 的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词,请将答案写在答 题卡上相应题号的横线上。 You can't avoid a conflict at work. If you can avoid a conflict, it means you will win what you want regardless of what the other person wants. Since the potential issue has not been removed, it will simply reappear later. Here are the necessary steps to effectively get rid of conflicts at work. ★ Realize that some conflicts are unavoidable at work. On numerous occasions, conflict and disagreement are likely to happen. But when a conflict happens it's not the end of the world. On the contrary, it can be the beginning of an interesting learning process. Conflicts mean that people care enough to disagree strongly. The trick is not to allow the conflict to go on forever. ★ Handle conflicts sooner rather than later. Solve a conflict when it starts, as it only gets worse with time going by. Conflicts at work arise not from something that was said, but from something that wasn't said! Everyone's waiting for the other to admit he's wrong and gets more unpleasant after the conflict has lasted a while. It's essential to interrupt the "waiting game" before it gets to that point. ★ Ask nicely. If somebody has done something that made you angry, or if you don't understand their viewpoint or actions, simply asking nicely about it can make a world of difference. Never assume that people do what they do to annoy or hurt you. Sometimes there's a good reason why that person does what he or she does, and a potential conflict disappear right there. Do remember to make an inquiry, not an accusation of any sort. ★ Appreciate. Praise the other part in the conflict. Tell them why it's worth it to you to solve the conflict. This can be difficult as few people find it easy to praise and appreciate a person they disagree strongly with, but it's a great way to move forward. Topic Reason How to
  76. conflicts at work Conflicts won't
  77. if not dealt with ● Don't be afraid of conflicts which cart happen in many
  79. and try to resolve a conflict soon or it will get
  80. ●Interrupt the "waiting game" and try to admit your
  81. actively. ● Don’t imagine people do something to make you
  82. on purpose. ● Remember not to
  83. others, but ask them nicely about what they do, which may make a difference. ● Try to appreciate the other part in the conflict although it is
  84. to do so. As long as you learn to do with conflicts, you'll work in joy.

  78. on handling conflicts

  85. 【答案】 答案】
1

  76. handle/ solve/ remove
  77. disappear
  78. Tips/ Suggest ions/ Advice
  79. cases/ circumstances
  80.worse
  81. mistake(s) /fault (s)
  82. annoyed/ hurt/ angry
  83. accuse/blame
  84. hard/ difficult
  85. Conclusion
任务型阅读【2011?巢湖一检】 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰 当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。请将答案写在答题卡相应题号的横线上。 Many people catch a cold in the springtime or fall. It makes us wonder… if scientists can send a man to the moon, why can't they find a cure for the common cold? The answer is easy. There are actually hundreds of kinds of cold viruses out there. You never know which one you will get, so there isn't a cure for each one. When a virus attacks your body, your body works hard to get rid of it. Blood rushes to your nose and cause a block in it. You feel terrible because you can't breathe well, but your body is actually eating the virus. Your temperature goes up and you get a fever, but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a runny nose to stop the virus from getting into your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is doing every- thing it can to kill the cold. Different people have different cures for Colds. In the United States and some other countries, for example, people might eat chicken soup to make themselves" feel better. Some people take hot baths and drink warm liquids (流汁). Other people take medicine to stop Various symptoms (症状) of colds. There is one interesting thing to note" some scientists say taking medicines when you have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body doesn't have a way to fight it and kill it. Bodies can do an amazing job on their own. There is a joke, however, on taking medicine when you have a cold. It goes like this: It takes about one week to get over a cold if you don't take medicine, but it takes only seven days to ~et over a cold if you take medicine. Title Introduction How Much You Know About the Common (
  76) ◆ People catch a cold (
  77) in spring or fall. ◆ A (
  78) of cold viruses exist everywhere. ◆ It is hard to find a cure for each cold.
◆ The body's blood as well as its temperature (
  79) , causing a fever. The symptoms of ◆ You will find that you have some difficulty (
  80) the common cold ◆ You have a runny nose, which makes you feel miserable. The ways of (
  81) ◆ Drinking chicken soup to help you (
  82) with the common ◆ Taking a hot bath and drinking warm liquids. cold ◆ Taking some medicine.
2
(
  83) by scientists
◆ Taking medicine when having a cold will do (
  84) to the body. ◆ Taking medicine or not will take you one week to (
  85) the common cold.
  79. rises
  84. harm
  80.
【答案】
  76. Cold
  77. easily
  78. variety breathing
  81. dealing/coping
  82. recover
  83. Tips/Advice/Suggestions
  10. rid/cure
3
任务型读写( 小题;每小题 任务型读写(共 10 小题 每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 满分 【2011?合肥一检】阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰 当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。 For thousands of years ’ the most important two buildings in any British village have been the church and the pub. In fact,until a place has a church and a pub,it isn ’ t really considered a community worthy of a name. Traditionally,the church and the pub are at the heart of any village or town, since it is where people gather to give and receive news. In fact, the word ‘ pub' is short for 4 public house'. That's how it used to be, but things are beginning to change. It is said that the credit decline is causing 39 British pubs a week to go out of business. People don ’ t have lots of spare money to spend on beer. Recently, the UK government banned smoking in all pubs, and that may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs. This decline is happening despite the fact that in 2005 the UK government started to allow pubs to stay open after 11 p. m. Previously, with 11 p. m. as closing time, customers would have to drink quite quickly,meaning they sometimes got more drunk than they would if allowed to drink slowly. The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known as, binge drinking ’ (狂饮), and it causes some long - term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for ?communities. The UK government is changing the law to discourage binge drinking, and regularly spends money on television advertisements to warn people of the problems of drinking too much. In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to change with the market. Now, there are
4
Topic
The (
  76) \\_ End/Decline/Fall of British Pub Culture?
The important ( 77 ) role/part/function \\_ of churches and pubs in people' s daily life in the UK ?The credit decline is said to cause many pubs to (
  80)\\_\\_. close/shut \\_\\_ The (
  79)\\_ reasons for the decrease of the pub business down. ?Smoking is not (
  81)\\_\\_ allowed/permitted \\_\\_ in all pubs, which may have had an effect on the business. ?The government is trying hard to (
  82) discourage/prevent/stop binge drinking. ?Pubs are making (
  84)\\_\\_ changes/efforts \\_\\_ to meet the needs of the market. ?As a woman in the UK nowadays, you can (
  85)\\_\\_ get/have/buy/enjoy \\_\\_ a drink in almost all the pubs. Conclusion Things are changing for the better probably from now on. ?People won't name an area unless there are a church and a pub. ?They are the places where people gather to (
  78)\\_ exchange/share/spread news.
(
  83)\\_\\_ Measures/Ways \\_\\_ to save the business

  76. End/Decline/Fall
  77. role/part/function
  78. exchange/share/spread
  79. reasons
  80. close/shut
  81. allowed/permitted
  82. discourage/prevent/stop
  83. Measures/Ways
  84. changes/efforts
  85. get/have/buy/enjoy
任务型阅读( 小题; 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l0 分) 【2011?镇江期末调研 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格 镇江期末调研】 镇江期末调研
5
中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意: 每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写 在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 China’s Tianhe-1 has a computing speed of 2,507 trillion(万亿)calculations a second, which makes it the fastest computer in the world. It is also 40 percent faster than the world’s second fastest supercomputer, Cray XT5 Jaguar, in the US, kept at a national laboratory in Tennessee, according to the New York Times. Jack Dongarra, a University of Tennessee computer scientist, told NYT that the Chinese supercomputer is faster than the existing Number One machine. Building the fastest supercomputer has become a source of national pride, as these machines are valued for their ability to solve problems in areas like defense, energy and science. These problems are related to national interests. Supercomputing technology is also found in business. Oil and gas companies use supercomputers to find oil and gas. Obviously, research centers with large supercomputers attract top scientific talents. This adds extra importance to the machines?they’re more than just huge computers. China’s new supercomputer will be used to speed up greatly scientific calculations, such as hurricane and tsunami modeling, cancer research, car design and even studying stars. In 2008, two US scientists put together a step-by-step guide on how to build a supercomputer using PlayStation 3 video-game consoles ( 控 制 台 ) . Modern supercomputers are built by combining thousands of small computer servers 服务器) ( and using software to turn them into one large computer. Really, any organization with enough material and technology can create a fast machine. The Chinese system follows that model by linking thousands upon thousands of computer servers. But the secret behind the system?and the technological achievement?is China’s own networking technology. “That technology was built by them,” Dongarra said. “They are taking supercomputing very seriously and using a lot of time and money.” “China is still a developing country,” said Sha Chaoqun, manager at Dawning Company which is the leading supercomputer maker in China. “Maybe one day, China’s total computing power can be greater than that of the US, but there is still a long way to go before we get there.” Paragraph outline Supporting details ◇Tianhe-1 has a high computing speed, (
  71) it the fastest computer in the world. China has developed the ◇Tianhe-1 is 40 percent faster than the world’s fastest (
  72) fastest supercomputer. supercomputer in the world. ◇(
  73) Jack Dongarra, we learn that the Chinese supercomputer is faster than the existing
6
Many countries see the fastest supercomputer as a source of national (
  74) and are making efforts to develop it.
The secret behind supercomputers is networking technology. Mr. Sha showed a conservative (
  79) toward the development of computing power. 【答案】
  71. making 答案】 able
  76. business
  77. attracted
Number One machine. ◇The high-speed computer is (
  75) to solve problems related to national interests. ◇Besides (
  76), supercomputing technology can also be found in areas of defence, energy and science. ◇It’s obvious that top scientific talents are (
  77) to research centers with large supercomputers. ◇By using the technology built by Chinese people, taking it (
  78) and devoting lots of time and money, China has achieved a lot. ◇(
  80) the greater computing power China may have in the future, there is still a long way to go.

  72. second

  73. From

  74. pride

  75.

  78. seriously

  79. attitude

  80. Despite
任务型阅读(共 小题;每小题 任务型阅读 共 10 小题 每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 【2011?南京一摸 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中 南京一摸】 南京一摸 的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意:每 空格 1 个单词。 On m y first job as sports editor for Leader Enterprise, I didn't get a lot of fan mail,so I was attracted b y a letter that was dropped on m y desk one morning. When I opened it, I read : “A nice piece of writing on the Tigers. Keep up the good work.,,It was signed b y Don Wolfe,the sports editor. Because I was a teenager ,his words couldn't have been more inspiring.

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