2003年职称英语综合类(B级)考试试题



部分:词汇选项(第 1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 第 1 部分:词汇选项 下面共有 15 个句子,每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的 4 个选项中选择 1 个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。 答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 1 The high-speed trains can have a major impact on travel preferences. A force B influence C surprise D power 2 Can you follow the plot? A change B investigate C write D understand 3 Even in a highly modernized country, manual work is still needed. A physical B mental C natural D hard 4 In the latter case the outcome can be serious indeed A result B judgment C decision D event 5 Norman Blamey is an artist of deep convictions. A statements B beliefs C suggestions D claims 6 Up to now, the work has been easy. A So B So long C So that D So far 7 The report advocated setting up day training colleges. A supposed B excited C suggested D discussed 8 Accordingly, a number of other methods have been employed A Therefore B Afterwards C However D Furthermore 9 The outlook from the top of the mountain is breathtaking. A view B sight C look D point 10 Our lives are intimately bound up with theirs. A tensely B nearly C carefully D closely 11 The union representative put across her argument very effectively.
A explained B invented C considered D accepted 12 He talks tough but has a tender heart. A heavy B strong C kind D wild 13 It is no use debating the relative merits of this policy. A making B taking C discussing D expecting 14 Our statistics show that we consume all that we are capable of producing A waste B buy C use D sell 15 The fuel tanks had a capacity of 140 liters. A function B ability C power D volume 部分: 阅读判断(第 16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) 第 2 部分: 阅读判断 阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如 果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把 A 涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题 卡上把 B 涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把 C 涂黑 A Pay Rise or Not? “Unless I get a rise, I’ll have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley,” George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in, but his wife kept telling him that his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family. That was why he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham, a nearby city about 50 miles away. He had been offered a job in a factory there, and the pay was far better. George lived in Wyeford, a medium-sized town. He really liked the place and didn’t like the idea of moving somewhere else, but if he took the job in Birmingham, he would have to move his family there. Henry Manley was the manager of a small company manufacturing electric motors. The company was in deep trouble because, among other reasons, the Japanese were selling such things at very low prices. As a result, Manley had to cut his own prices and profits as well. Otherwise he would not get any orders at all. Even then, orders were still not coming in fast enough, so that there was no money for raises(加工 资) for his workers. Somehow, he had to struggle along and keep his best workers as well. He sighed. Just then the phone rang. His secretary told him that George Strong wanted to see him as soon as possible. Manley sighed again. He could guess what it was about. George Strong was a very young
engineer. The company had no future unless it could attract and keep men like him. Manley rubbed his forehead(前额); his problems seemed endless. 16 Henry Manley was already deeply in debt. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 17 The job that had been offered to George Strong in Birmingham paid better. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 18 If George Strong took the job in Birmingham, he would have to leave his family in Wyeford. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 19 Henry Manley’s company was in deep trouble. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 20 Henry Manley’s company was making enough profits to raise the workers’ wages. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 21 Henry Manley had no idea at all why George Strong wanted to see him. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 22 George Strong was a very creative engineer. A right B Wrong C Not mentioned 部分:概括大意与完成句子(第 23~ 30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子 阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有 2 项测试任务:(
  1)第 23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项 中为第 2,3,5 和 6 段每段选择 1 个正确的小标题;(
  2)第 27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项 中选择 4 个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 Keeping Cut Flowers 1 While everybody enjoys fresh cut flowers around his house, few people know how to keep them for as long as possible. This may be done by keeping in mind a few simple facts. 2 An important thing to remember about cut flowers is that they are sensitive to temperature. For example, studies have shown that cut carnations(康乃馨) retain
their freshness eight times longer when kept at 12oC than when kept at 260c. Keeping freshly harvested flowers at the right temperatures is probably the most important aspect of flower care. 3 Flowers are not intended by nature to live very long. Their biological purpose is simply to attract birds or insects, such as bees, for pollination (授粉). After that, they quickly dry up and die. The process by which flowers consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide (二氧化碳), called respiration (呼吸), generates the energy the flower needs to give the flower its shape and colour. The making of seeds also depends on this energy. While all living things respire, flowers have a high level of respiration. A result of all this respiration is heat, and for flowers the level of heat relative to the mass of the flower is very high. Respiration also brings about the eventual death of the flower. Thus the greater the level of respiration, the sooner the flower dies. 4 How, then, to control the rate at which flowers die? By controlling respiration. How is respiration controlled? By controlling temperature. We know that respiration produces heat, but the reverse is also true. Thus by maintaining low temperatures, respiration is reduced and the cut flower will age more slowly. 5 Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed. Flowers find it difficult to “drink” water that is dirty or otherwise polluted. Even when water looks and smells clean, it almost certainly contains harmful substances that can endanger the flowers. To rid the water of these unwanted substances, household chlorine bleach (含氯漂白剂) can be used in small quantities. It is recommended that 15 drops of chlorine bleach(at 4\\% solution) be added to each litre of water. The water and solution should also be replaced each day.
A Control of Respiration B Beauty of Fresh Cut Flowers C Role of Respiration D Most Important Aspect of Flower Care E Need for Clean Water F Ways of Stopping Respiration
23 Paragraph 2 24 Paragraph 3 25 Paragraph 4
26 Paragraph 5 27 A few simple facts will help you keep cut flowers 28 Respiration plays a key role 29 The aging of cut flowers can be slowed down 30 Another important way to prolong the life of cut flowers is
A by keeping its original shape and colour B in the life of the cut flower C to produce carbon dioxide D for as long as possible E by controlling temperature F to replace the water and solution every day
部分:阅读理解(第 31~45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) 第 4 部分:阅读理解 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题,每道题后面有 4 个选项。请根据文章的内容, 从每题所给的 4 个选项中选择个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 第一篇 New Foods and the New World In the last 500 years, nothing about peoplenot their clothes, ideas, or languages?has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree(可可树)by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today. The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the “Potato Famine(饥荒)”of 1845?1846, and thousands more were forced to leave their homeland and move to America. There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American
countries. But it is native to Ethiopia, a country in Africa. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s. According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a person named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with. 31 According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years? A Food B Clothing C Ideology D Language 32 “some” in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to A some cocoa trees B some chocolate drinks. C some shops D some South American Indians 33 Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because A they were so dependent on potatoes that they refused to eat anything else B they were forced to leave their homeland and move to America C the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing potatoes D the potato harvest was bad 34 Which country is the largest coffee producer? A Brazil B Colombia C Ethiopia
E Egypt 35 Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage? A. One third of the world’s population drinks coffee. B. Coffee is native to Colombia C. Coffee can keep one awake. D. Coffee drinks were first made by Arabs. poetry 第二篇 Teaching poetry No poem should ever be discussed or “analyzed”, until it has been read aloud by someone, teacher or student. Better still, perhaps, is the practice of reading it twice, once at the beginning of the discussion and once at the end, so the sound of the poem is the last thing one hears of it. All discussions of poetry are, in fact, preparations for reading it aloud, and the reading of the poem is, finally, the most telling “interpretation” of it, suggesting tone, rhythm, and meaning all at once. Hearing a poet read the work in his or her own voice, on records or on film, is obviously a special reward. But even those aids to teaching can not replace the student and teacher reading it or, best of all, reciting(背诵) it. I have come to think, in fact, that time spent reading a poem aloud is much more important than “analyzing” it, if there isn’t time for both. I think one of our goals as teachers of English is to have students love poetry. Poetry is “ a criticism of life”, and “ a heightening(提升) of life”. It is “an approach to the truth of feeling”, and it “ can save your life”. It also deserves a place in the teaching of language and literature more central than it presently occupies. I am not saying that every English teacher must teach poetry. Those who don’t like it should not be forced to put that dislike on anyone else. But those who do teach poetry must keep in mind a few thing s about its essential nature, about its sound as well as its sense, and they must make room in the classroom for hearing poetry as well as thinking about it. 36 To have a better understanding of a poem, one should A discuss it with others. B analyze it by oneself. C copy it down in a notebook
D practise reading it aloud 37 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a function of poetry? A Extending your life. B Saving your life. C Criticizing life. D Heightening life. 38 According to the writer, one of the purposes of teaching English is to get students A to understand life. B to enjoy poetry. C to become teachers. D to become poets 39 What does the last sentence in the third paragraph imply? A More stress should be laid on the teaching of poetry. B Poetry is more important than any other subject. C One cannot enjoy life fully without an understanding of poetry D Poetry is the foundation of all language and literature courses 40 The phrase “make room” in the last paragraph could be best replaced by A “build a booth” B “provide equipment”. C “leave a certain amount of time”. D “set aside enough space”. 第三篇 “ Salty” Rice Plant Boosts Harvests British scientists are breeding a new generation of rice plants that will be able to grow in soil containing salt water. Their work may enable abandoned farms to become productive once more.
Tim Flowers and

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